LMS Stanier Class 5 45110

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LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 Class 5 45110
45110 20131006.jpg
45110 at Highley
Built By Vulcan Foundry, Newton-le-Willows
Configuration 4-6-0
BRBritish Rail or British Railways rating 5MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic.
Status Out of service
Loco Number 45110
Other Numbers 5110
History
Built 1935
Designed By William StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944
Type Black Five
1970 Arrived on SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society in working order
1971 Named "R.A.F. Biggin Hill"
1980 Withdrawn for overhaul
1998 Reentered service
2008 Withdrawn for overhaul
Technical
Length 63ft 7¾"
Weight 72t 4cwt
Tractive effort 25,455 lb
Pressure 225 lb/sq in

Steam Locomotives

45110 is an LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 'Black Five' 4-6-0 mixed traffic locomotive. It worked the return portion of the ‘Fifteen Guinea Special’, the last steam passenger service run by British Railways.

45110 in Service

The LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway StanierWilliam Stanier, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1932-1944 Class 5 was an immediate success when introduced into service in 1934. It was a mixed traffic locomotive that could handle anything from express passenger traffic to goods trains. 842 were built, more than any other class of locomotive before or since, and they worked all over the LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway network. Following nationalisation they were classified 5MTThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic. by British Railways and quickly became used throughout the country. They were never painted any colour but black, earning them the nickname ‘Black 5s’. The design of the British Railways Standard Class 5 was based on the Black 5.

45110 was built by the Vulcan Foundry as works number 4653/1934, and entered service in June 1935 as LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway 5110. Following nationalisation it was renumbered as 45110 by BRBritish Rail or British Railways in 1949, and it was one of the very last steam locomotives still in use by BRBritish Rail or British Railways when it finished its working life at Lostock Hall Shed, Preston.

The last ‘official’ train run by BRBritish Rail or British Railways was a ‘farewell to steam’ special on 11 August 1968, 8 days after regular steam services had ended. The special train ‘1T57’ became known as the ‘Fifteen Guinea Special’ after the price of tickets. 45110 took the train from Liverpool to Manchester, from where 70013 Oliver Cromwell continued to Carlisle. Two other Black 5s (44781 and 44871) began the return leg, while the honour of the final return to Liverpool fell to 45110, which thereby entered history as the last BRBritish Rail or British Railways-owned standard gauge steam locomotive to haul a service on the national network.

45110 in preservation

45110 was initially saved for preservation by "The Stanier Black 5 Locomotive Preservation Society", mainly through fund raising efforts of its President Mr David Porter, Principal of the “Flairavia Flying Club” at Biggin Hill Civil Airport. On 8 January 1969 the locomotive was hauled ‘dead’ from Lostock Hall to Clapham Sidings. Three days later 45110 was moved again to a temporary home at the privately rented former BRBritish Rail or British Railways Ashford shed. There it was worked on by members of the Flying Club and steamed on several open days, during one of which it first carried temporary name plates bearing the name “R.A.F. Biggin Hill”.[1]

It became clear that a new home for the locomotive at a heritage railway was needed and Mr Porter considered the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society to be the most suitable. 45110 left Ashford on 17 August 1970, being hauled dead to Bescot on 19 August. There the motion was reattached and a fire lit, so when the locomotive arrived at Bewdley on 20 August 1970, it continued to Bridgnorth under its own steam. Minimum work was required before 45110 entered service on Sunday 20 September 1970.[1] A naming ceremony was held on 12 September 1971, at which the locomotive was formally named “R.A.F. Biggin Hill”.[2]

David Porter (who was also associated with 417 Invicta) became a Director of SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society(H) when it was first established in late 1972.[3] On 11 August 1973, with his agreement, 45110 took part in a Derby Litchurch Lane Carriage Works "Open Day". The locomotive travelled there and back in steam with LMS 24617 Corridor Composite, LMS 26986 Brake Third Corridor and Stove R 32919, thereby becoming the first Severn Valley locomotive and rolling stock to work unassisted on the BRBritish Rail or British Railways network in preservation.[4] The move also resulted in the locomotive leaving facing south and returning facing north, thus becoming only the second locomotive on the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society to work facing in each direction.[5][note 1]

During 1975 45110 was one of the locomotives used in the filming of The Seven-Per-Cent Solution. Shortly before that time 45110 was put up for sale, and although it was not SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society policy to own locomotives, the joint Boards decided that it should stay on the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society if possible, so an exception was made and the purchase of 45110 was successfully negotiated.[6] The terms agreed were £19,000 with a 25% down payment and the balance payable over three years, subject to signature of the film contract. The decision caused great upset amongst members at the time, with threats of petitions being raised and membership cards torn up.[7]

The first period of service ended in 1980 after recording 21,185 miles in use. Following overhaul, a second period of service began in 1998. This lasted until late 2008, including a 6-month boiler ticket extension which enabled the locomotive to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the end of BRBritish Rail or British Railways main line steam. During this period a number of main line appearances were made as follows:

Date Tour name Route Notes Web SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News
26 Sep 1998 Rose of Shires Bescot - York + return UKS 129-13
17 Oct 1998 Blackpool Five Shrewsbury-Blackpool + return UKS 128-76
24 Oct 1998 Royal Duchy Exeter - Plymouth-Newquay D/H with 48773 UKS 129-12
31 Oct 1998 Stannary Staniers Ealing Broadway-Penzance D/H with 48773 UKS
07 Nov 1998 Staffordshire Terrier Birmingham -Chester-Wolverhampton UKS 128-76
14 Nov 1998 Colne Dee Express Nottingham-Chester + return UKS
28 Nov 1998 Lakes Express Crewe-Shap-Carlisle + return D/H with 45407 UKS 129-12
05 Dec 1998 Lincolnian Dorridge-Lincoln + return UKS
19 Dec 1998 Christmas Chester Chuffer Birmingham Int'l-Chester + return UKS
30 Jan 1999 Merseyman Bescot-Crewe-Liverpool-Crewe-Walsall-Bescot UKS 129-52
07 Mar 1999 Ynys Mon Express Crewe-Holyhead + return UKS 129-13
21 May 1999 Private Charter Harrow-Amersham (2 trips) UKS
22 May 1999 Steam on the Met Amersham-Watford shuttles UKS
23 May 1999 Steam on the Met Amersham-Watford shuttles UKS
29 May 1999 Steam on the Met Amersham-Watford shuttles UKS
30 May 1999 Steam on the Met Amersham-Watford shuttles UKS
31 May 1999 Steam on the Met Amersham-Watford shuttles UKS 130-38
15 Aug 1999 Mayflower Bristol-Plymouth-Bristol D/H with 45407, ran as scheduled UKS
02 Oct 1999 Welsh Dragon Birmingham Int-Bescot- Llandrindod- Port Talbot-Newport Driver Ray Churchill, Fireman Arthur Bromley UKS 132-45
23 Oct 1999 Fishburn Flyer Crewe-Carnforth-Crewe To be confirmed UKS
13 Nov 1999 North Wales Venturer Crewe-Holyhead-Crewe To be confirmed UKS
11 Dec 1999 Midlander Nuneaton-Lickey-Gloucester+return, Bromsgrove-Blackwell* *80079 as banker UKS 132-46
18 Dec 1999 Christmas Chester Chuffer Birmingham Int-Rugeley-Chester -Wrexham-Birmingham Int UKS, Six Bells Junction
05 Feb 2000 Peak Forester Derby - Buxton - Crewe SBJ
27 May 2000 Laird of Stranraer Day 1 Crewe - Carnforth (tender swap)-Glasgow D/H with 45407. Borrowed tender from 48151 SBJ
29 May 2000 Laird of Stranraer Day 3 Glasgow Central - WCML - Lockerbie UpIn reference to the direction of travel means towards the major terminus (i.e. towards Kidderminster on the present day SVR) Passenger Loop* *Failed with leaking tubes (SBJ has date as 28th) SBJ 133-29
For further information on sources and references, see The Severn Valley Railway on the main line

Following expiry of the second 'ticket' in 2008, 45110 moved on loan to Barrow Hill Roundhouse for a period on static display there. In October 2013 the locomotive returned to the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society and was moved into The Engine House, taking the place of 4930 Hagley Hall which had moved to Bridgnorth for overhaul. It was moved to Kidderminster to take part in the 'Last Days of Steam' event on 4 August 2018, marking the 50th anniversary of the 'end of steam' in the BRBritish Rail or British Railways era, and is usually stored in Kidderminster Carriage Shed. It is now owned by SVR(H).

See also

References

  1. 1.01.1 SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 18, 19
  2. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 21
  3. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 26
  4. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 29
  5. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 115, “North and South before the Turntable”, Quentin Haigh
  6. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 37, p.3.
  7. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 37, “The Unpopular Decision”, David C Williams (Editor) p.35.

Notes

  1. 46443 arrived facing south but returned from an open day at Tyseley in September 1969 facing north, the only locomotive to be turned before the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society opened.

Links