|GWRGreat Western Railway 1450|
1450 at Bewdley in 2015
|Built By||GWRGreat Western Railway Swindon Works|
|Power class||GWRGreat Western Railway: Unclassified, BRBritish Rail or British Railways: 1PThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic.|
|Axle load class||GWRGreat Western Railway: Unclassified|
|Status||Out of Service|
|Designed By||Charles Benjamin CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941|
|Type||GWRGreat Western Railway 1400|
|2014||Arrived on SVRSevern Valley Railway from DFR|
|2021||Left the SVRSevern Valley Railway for overhaul|
|Tractive effort||13,900 lb|
|Pressure||165 lb/sq in|
1450 is a GWRGreat Western Railway CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941 1400 class 0-4-2T locomotive, designed for work on small branch lines.
1400 Class information
1450 (originally 4850) is a GWRGreat Western Railway 1400 class 0-4-2T locomotive. These locomotives, which were originally numbered in the 4800 series, were designed by C.B. CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941 as a replacement for the elderly Wolverhampton '517' class, and were intended to work mainly on small branch lines. 75 were built at Swindon in three batches between 1932 and 1936, being fitted from new with auto gear for working with trailer cars and also with ATCAutomatic Train Control, a form of limited cab signalling developed by the GWR in 1906, superseded by BR's Automatic Warning System (automatic train control) equipment. 20 other locomotives of the same class, numbered 5800-5819, were built in 1933 without auto gear and ATCAutomatic Train Control, a form of limited cab signalling developed by the GWR in 1906, superseded by BR's Automatic Warning System, although some were retro-fitted with the latter. Following nationalisation BRBritish Rail or British Railways rated the class 1PThe British Railways system of classifying steam locomotives by power using a number from 0, least powerful, to 9, most powerful, followed by either F for freight, P for Passenger or MT for Mixed Traffic..
The GWRGreat Western Railway 1400 Class locos were used on the Severn Valley Branch where they worked services at the southern end of the line, including some as far north as Bridgnorth. They included No. 1440 which was photographed at Arley paired with autocoach 39.[note 1] Local depots that had allocations were Hereford, Kidderminster, Stourbridge Junction and Worcester.
Post-1945, coal shortages led to plans being put forward to convert a number of GWRGreat Western Railway engines to oil burning. 12 of the 2800 class freight engines were modified and renumbered in the 4800 series. As a result the entire 4800 class was renumbered 1400 to 1474 by the GWRGreat Western Railway in 1946.
Three other members of the class have survived into preservation; 1420 at the South Devon Railway, 1442 at Tiverton Museum and 4866 at the Great Western Society in Didcot.
1450 in service
4850 was built in 1935 to lot number 288 and first entered service at Oxford in July 1935. It was re-numbered 1450 by the GWRGreat Western Railway in 1946 and re-allocated to Slough in April 1951. While based there it was photographed in 1955 at Bourne End working an autocoach service to Maidenhead. A return to Oxford in September 1959 was followed by reallocation to Exeter (July 1962) which included The Locomotive Club of Great Britain's 'The West Countryman Limited' railtour over the Hemyock line on 24 February 1963 and timetabled operation of services from Tiverton. Further re-allocations followed to Taunton (November 1963) and Yeovil Town (October 1964) before a final move to Exmouth Junction in February 1965. 1450 was finally withdrawn from service by BRBritish Rail or British Railways in May 1965 after a working life totalling 823,012 miles.
1450 in preservation
1450 spent her early life in preservation at the Dart Valley Railway (now the South Devon Railway) where it carried the name 'Ashburton'. She was purchased in 2001-02 by her present owner Pull Push Limited, of whom Mike Little is sole director, and re-located to the DeanWilliam Dean, Chief Locomotive Engineer of the Great Western Railway 1877-1902 Forest Railway.
1450 arrived at the SVRSevern Valley Railway from the DFR in March 2014, initially on hire for the year. Subsequently 1450 has been listed as part of the home fleet. Although not powerful enough to haul service trains on her own 1450 did so in 2014, double heading with 4566 to provide the required power, due to a number of ongoing locomotive repairs leaving the SVRSevern Valley Railway unexpectedly short on engines. The locomotive was regularly used on Footplate Experience duties, as well as appearing on charters and at galas on the SVRSevern Valley Railway and elsewhere. She was often paired with the owner's autocoaches 178 and 238 which are also resident on the SVRSevern Valley Railway.
During 2019 the locomotive visited the Didcot Railway Centre from the end of April until early September. GWR Large Prairie 4144 was on loan to the SVRSevern Valley Railway from Didcot for summer 2019, an arrangement which suited both parties.
At the end of 2019, 1450 had recorded a total of 13,503 miles in preservation on the SVRSevern Valley Railway. The reported total may include mileage on hire to other railways.
It was withdrawn from traffic in December 2020 at the expiry of its boiler certificate. The owner has made arrangements to send it for overhaul at the Flour Mill in the Forest of Dean. It left on 4 August 2021.
1450 on the main line
On 15 July 1973 1450 with GWRGreat Western Railway autocoaches 190 and 231 ran on the main line between Marlow and Bourne end during the "Marlow Donkey Centenary Day", an event held to commemorate the centenary of the Marlow branch. 1450 was a late replacement for Didcot's classmate 1466.
In 1988 1450 ran three days of 'The Dawlish Donkey' mainline trips, from Exeter to Newton Abbot and return. In subsequent years the operation was expanded, with larger locomotives hauling longer trains over longer routes.
- The photo caption in Vanns gives the date as 7 September 1932. However the locomotive is numbered 1440 which it would not have carried until after renumbering in 1946.
- Vanns (1998) p. 17.
- BR database (Retrieved 21 October 2020)
- Rail UK Steam Loco Class Information -- GWR 1400
- Great Western Archive
- Signalman’s Reflections, Adrian Vaughan, 1990, p68
- Six Bells Junction
- Dimmer, M., '1450 L C G B The West Countryman Limited Rail Tour 24 February 1963 ', Railway Photography on Smugmug (Retrieved 26 October 2020)
- Dimmer, M., '1450 Tiverton 5 October 1963', Railway Photography on Smugmug (Retrieved 26 October 2020)
- BR Database
- SDR web site, retrieved 25 January 2015.
- SVR Twitter 1 January 2018
- Didcot Railway Centre website
- SVRSevern Valley Railway News 210, SVRSevern Valley Railway-based Steam Locomotive Mileage 2017-2019, Duncan Ballard
- Branch Lines July 2021
- Heritage Railway magazine Issue 281, 6 July 2021
- Photos on Marlow & District Railway Society website (retrieved 26 November 2020)
- Timetable on MMPA.org.uk(retrieved 26 November 2020)
- uksteam website (Retrieved 11 July 2019)