Country Lorry Service and Cartage Service

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1935 poster
GWRGreat Western Railway sign advertising the Country Lorry Service
GWRGreat Western Railway lorry in Bewdley Yard
GWRGreat Western Railway horse-drawn wagons at Southwell Carpet Factory, Bridgnorth
Parcels delivery sheet giving details of parcels to be delivered from Bewdley Station

As well as transporting goods between stations by rail, the GWRGreat Western Railway was also able to collect & deliver goods and parcels to and from local addresses via the Country Lorry Service, Cartage Service or independent carrier.

Cartage services

In its earliest days the GWRGreat Western Railway was principally focussed on passenger traffic, using third-party contractors and carriers (later referred to as cartage agents) such as Thomas Bantock to handle its goods cartage work. Cartage agents were responsible for providing their own horse-drawn or motor vehicles and were required to describe themselves as an Agent for business purposes. They were therefore sometimes wrongly referred to as 'Goods Agents' although the latter term more correctly referred to the local manager of goods traffic on the railway itself.[1]

Towards the end of the 19th century the GWRGreat Western Railway began to expand its own cartage fleet, often purchasing the vehicles from the cartage agents. In 1878 the GWRGreat Western Railway acquired a number of horse-drawn vehicles from Thomas Bantock including 2 drays at Bewdley, 6 drays at Kidderminster, and two drays and a covered van at Stourport.[2]

At the start of the 20th Century horse drawn traffic still predominated. In 1905 the GWRGreat Western Railway had just 8 goods motor vehicles in use compared with more than 3,000 horses. The earliest GWRGreat Western Railway motor vehicles were serviced and maintained by their own drivers, but by 1909 a separate GWRGreat Western Railway 'Road Motor Car Department' had been formed.[3] After the First World War the GWRGreat Western Railway increasingly dispensed with the services of cartage agents, using its own motor vehicles including the Country Lorry Service.

Country Lorry Service

The GWRGreat Western Railway introduced the Country Lorry Service after the First World War. This allowed agricultural and other goods to be transported beyond the railway companies' normal collection and delivery radius, which was usually limited to urban areas and their immediate fringes.[4] The first nine services had been established by 1925; thereafter the number increased rapidly with the earliest on the Severn Valley Branch being at Bewdley in 1927 and Bridgnorth in 1928.[5]

Until 1928, railway companies were only allowed to carry goods which had been, or were to be, carried by rail. The 1928 Road Act removed this restriction; thereafter railway companies began to offer "throughout road" services (ie not involving any rail transport). After that time the number of Station Truck workings for small consignments reduced, while the Country Lorry Service saw a further expansion. In 1930 there were some 160 "Tranship Sheds" operating across the GWRGreat Western Railway, where goods were transferred between wagons for onward shipment; by 1932 rationalisation of this system had reduced the number to just nine.[6]

In 1937 the GWRGreat Western Railway collection and delivery services utilised some 2,200 motor vans and lorries, although there were still some 3,000 horse-drawn wagons and carts, and 1,600 horses in use.[7] In 1938 the GWRGreat Western Railway Road Transport Department built a Repair Shop in Kidderminster Yard.[8] At the outbreak of World War Two the GWRGreat Western Railway had 184 Country Lorry services in operation. The other 'Big 4' railway companies had introduced similar services, reflected in posters such as that shown above.

After the Second World War the GWRGreat Western Railway began to move to a 'zonal' distribution system, with Bewdley no longer having a Country Lorry service by 1946.[9]

A 1938 GWRGreat Western Railway publication, 'Towns villages, outlying works etc. served by the Great Western Railway' gives a list of all such places, their distance from the local station and the method of delivery. Those on the Severn Valley Branch and Tenbury Branch are shown below. Places marked with an asterisk are within the company's free cartage boundary, with "(partly)" indicating it was not entirely within that boundary. In all other cases there would be a charge for collection or delivery in addition to the normal station to station charge.

Where a station is not listed (e.g. Hampton Loade), no collection or delivery service was available, although some smaller stations were covered by services from nearby larger stations (e.g. Linley and Eardington from Bridgnorth).

Lorry Services and Cartage Services on the SVRSevern Valley Railway

Kidderminster

  • Cartage Service:

Kidderminster*, Baldwins Ltd. Stour Vale Iron Works* 1¼ miles, Broadwaters (parcels)* (partly) 1¾ miles, Blakebrook* 1½ miles, Clensmore Wharf* 1 mile, Comberton* (partly) ½ mile, Foley Park* 1½ miles, Franche*(partly) 3 miles, Greenhill* 1½ miles, Hoobrook* (partly) 1 mile, Hurcott* (partly) 1½ miles, Old Wharf ¾ mile

  • Lorry Service:

Alveley 7 miles, Attwood Park 4½ miles, Blakedown 4 miles, Blakesall 4 miles, Broadwaters (goods)* (partly) 1¾ miles, Brockencote 4 miles, Dunclent 2 miles, Franche* (partly) 3 miles, Habberley 2½ miles, Harvington 3 miles, Hoobrook 1 mile, Summerfield 3 miles, Horseley Hills 4½ miles, Kingsford 4½ miles, Lea Castle 3 miles, Little Hoboro' 4½ miles, Low Habberley 2½ miles, Low Hill 2 miles, Park Attwood 4½ miles, Romsley 7 miles, Shatterford 5 miles, Shenstone 2¾ miles, Stone 2 miles, Shenstone 2½ miles, Trimpley 3½ miles, Wolverley (goods) 2½ miles

  • Lorry Service (Midland Red Motor Services):

Bluntington 5 miles, Caunsall 4 miles, Chaddesley Corbett 4 miles, Cookley 3 miles, Corbett & Sons Saw Mills, (Chaddesley) 4 miles, Franche (partly) 3 miles, Wolverley (parcels) 2½ miles

Hartlebury

  • Cartage Service:

Hartlebury*

  • Lorry Service:

Acton 3 miles, Bishops Wood 2 miles, Boreley 5 miles, Bradford 3 miles Brockencote 3½ miles, Brookhampton 3½ miles, Cakebole 2½ miles, Chadwick 2½ miles, Charlton 1½ miles, Clareland 2½ miles, Comhampton 3 miles, Crossway Green 2 miles, Cutnall Green 3 miles, Doverdale 3 Miles, Dunhampton 3½ miles, Elmbridge 4 miles, Elmley Lovett 2 miles, Holt Fleet 5 miles, Lincomb 2½ miles, Line Holt 3 miles, Oakhampton 4 miles, Ombersley 5 miles, Rushock 3½ miles, Shenstone 2 miles, Stone 3 miles, Summerfield 2 miles, Sytchampton 3 miles, Titton 2 miles, Torton 1½ miles, Uphampton 4½ miles, Whitlenge 1 mile

Stourport

  • Cartage Service:

Stourport*, Wilden Iron Works (Baldwins Ltd.)* (Goods only) 1½ miles

  • Lorry Service:

Abberley 5 miles, Areley Kings 1½ miles, Astley 3½ miles, Astley Cross 2 miles, Dunley 2½ miles, Great Witley 5½ miles, Heightington 5 miles, Lincomb 3 miles Little Witley 7 miles, Shrawley 4½ miles, Stockton-on-Teme 10 miles, Wilden 1½ miles

  • Lorry Service, Omnibus:

Netherton 5 miles, Woodbury Hill 7 miles

  • For delivery by barge:

Baldwins Ltd. Stour Vale Iron Works* 4½ miles

Bewdley

  • Cartage Service:

Bewdley ½ mile

  • Lorry Service:

Blackstone 1½ miles, Button Oak 3 miles, Dowles 1½ miles, Far Forest 5 miles, Heightington 6 miles, Kinlet 5 miles, Lye Head 3 miles, Pound Green 4 miles, Ribbesford 1½ miles, Rock 6 miles, Shatterford 5 miles, Trimpley 3 miles

Highley

  • Carrier:

Highley ½ mile

Bridgnorth

  • Cartage Service:

Bridgnorth*, Oldbury (Parcels)

  • Lorry Service:

Ackleton 5 miles, Acton Round 5 miles, Aldenham Park 3 miles, Alveley 6 miles, Apley Park 5 miles, Artlebury 3 miles, Aston 6 miles, Aston Eyres 4 miles, Barnsley 4 miles, Bentley 1½ miles, Beobridge 5 miles Billingsley 6 miles, Broughton 6 miles, Chelmarsh 4 miles, Chesterton 6 miles, Chetton 3½ miles, Claverley 6 miles, Cleobury North 9 miles (Truck loads), Colmore Green 4 miles, Coton 5½ miles, Criddon 4 miles, Dallicot 4 miles, Ditton Priors (Truck loads), Deuxhill 5 miles, Eardington 2 miles[Notes 1], Endness 3 miles, Ewden Burnell 4 miles, Ewden George 4 miles, Eyres Aston 4 miles, Faintree 4½ miles, Farmcote 5 miles, Glazeley 4 miles, Heathton 7 miles, Hilton 4½ miles, Hopstone 5½ miles, Linley 5 miles, Ludstone (goods) 7 miles, Monk Hopton 6 miles, Morville 3 miles, Middleton Scriven 5 miles, Netchworth (goods) 5 miles, Newton 3 miles, Nordley 3½ miles, Nordley Regis 4 miles, Norton(Nr. Shifnal) 5 miles, Oldbury (Goods), Patmarsh 3 miles, Rudge 7 miles, Rudge Heath 8 miles, Shipley (goods) 6 miles, Sidbury 6 miles, Stockton 7 miles (goods), Tasley 2 miles, The DownIn reference to the direction of travel means away from the major terminus (i.e. towards Bridgnorth on the present day SVR) 3 miles, Tuckhill 6 miles, Upton Cressett 5 miles, Winscott 2 miles, Woodside 2 miles, Woundale 4 miles

  • Lorry Service (Carrier):

Allscot 2 miles, Astley Abbots 2½ miles, Bradney 3 miles Bromley 2 miles, Catstree 3 miles, Cranmere 4 miles, Danesford 1 mile, Ewdness 3 miles, Netchworth (parcels) 5 miles, Quatford 2 miles, Quatt 4 miles, Rindleford 3 miles, Roughton 3 miles, Shipley (parcels) 6 miles, Six Ashes 6 miles, Stapleford 5 miles, Stockton 7 miles (parcels), Swancott 1½ miles, Worfield 4 miles, Wyken 3 miles

Coalport

  • Railway Porter:

Coalport*

Ironbridge

  • Cartage Service:

Barrow* (partly) 3½ miles, Benthall* 1 mile, Broseley* 1 mile, Broseley Wood* ½ mile, Ironbridge*, Jackfield* 1 mile, Ladywood* ¼ mile, Linley Green* (partly) 3½ miles, Madeley Wood* 1 mile, Posenhall* (partly) 2½ miles, Willey* (partly) 3½ miles, Wyke* (partly) 2½ miles

    Maw & Co.

  • Siding
  • Cartage Service* 1½ miles

Buildwas

  • Lorry Service:

Buildwas, Leighton 2½ miles, Farley 2 miles, Tickwood Hall 2¼ miles, Wyke 3 miles

  • Railway Porter:

Buildwas* (partly)

    Ironbridge Power Station

  • Siding (goods only)
  • Railway Porter* (parcels only) ¼ mile

Cressage

  • Lorry Service:

Cressage ¼ mile, Dryton 3 miles, Eaton Constantine 1½ miles, Eyton-on-Severn 3 miles, Garmston 2½ miles, Harley 2 miles, Kenley 4 miles, Leighton 2½ miles, Shineton or Sheinton 2 miles

Berrington

  • Lorry Service:

Abbots Betton 2 miles, Acton Burnell 3 miles, Acton Piggott 3 miles, Atcham 1 mile, Attingham 1½ miles, Berrington* ½ mile, Berwick Wharf 3 miles, Betton 1 mile, Betton Abbotts 2 miles, Betton Strange 3 miles, Boreton 2 miles, Boreton Grange* 2 miles, Brompton* 1 mile Cantlop 2 miles, Charlton Hill 4 miles, Chilton 1 mile, Cound 2 miles, Cound Moor 4 miles, Cronk Hill* ¾ mile, Cross Houses* ¼ mile, Dinchope* 1 mile, Eaton Mascott 1½ miles, Emstrey 2½ miles, Frodesley 4 miles, Golding 3 miles, Harnage 3 miles, Langley* 5 miles, Longner 3 miles, Lower Cound* 1 mile, Norton 2 miles, Pitchford 2½ miles, Ruckley 5 miles, Smethcote 2½ miles, Uckington 4 miles, Upper Cound 2 miles, Uppington 4 miles, Wroxeter 3 miles

Lorry Services and Cartage Services on the Tenbury Branch

The Country Lorry Service at Tenbury started on February 1 1931[10].

Cleobury Mortimer

  • Cartage Service:

Cleobury Mortimer 2¼ miles

  • Lorry Service:

Cleobury North 10 miles (Less than truck loads), Chilton 4 miles, Ditton Priors (Less than truck loads, and all traffic for R.N. Armaments Depot), Farlow 2 miles, Old Storridge 8 miles, Prescot 7 miles, Stottesden 8 miles, Wheathill 9 miles

Newnham Bridge

  • Lorry Service:

Eardiston 3½ miles, Great Witley 7½ miles, Hanley Child 4 miles, Knighton-upon-Teme 1 mile, Lindridge 2 miles, Mamble 3 miles, Milson 3 miles, Neen Sollars 6 miles, Orleton 4 miles, Pensax 6 miles, Rochford 4 miles, Rochford Mount 4 miles, Stockton-on-Teme 5 miles, Upper Rochford 4 miles

  • Railway Porter:

Newnham Bridge* (Within ½ mile of station)

Tenbury Wells

  • Cartage Service:

Greenway Head 1 mile, Tenbury Wells*

  • Lorry Service:

Aston Bank 3 miles, Berrington Heath 2 miles, Bockleton 5 miles, Boraston 2 miles, Broadheath 5 miles, Burford 1 mile, Coreley 4½ miles, DeanWilliam Dean, Chief Locomotive Engineer of the Great Western Railway 1977-1902 Park ½ mile, Eardiston 7 miles, Great Kyre 4 miles, Greet(Greete on modern maps) 2 miles, Hanley Child 6 miles, Harpfields 2 miles, Hartall 2 miles, Hopton wafers 6 miles, Knighton-upon-Teme 1 mile, Kyre Magna 4 miles, Kyrewood 2 miles, Leysters 4½ miles, Little Kyre 4 miles, Lower Hanley 5 miles, Magna Kyre 4 miles, Middleton 4 miles, Miles Hope 2½ miles, Nash 2½ miles, Neen Sollars 5 miles, Old wood Common 2 miles, Rochford 3 miles, Rochford Mount 3½ miles, Rosedale 5 miles, St. Michaels 1½ miles, Stanford 7 miles, Stanford Bridge 7 miles, Stanford-on-Teme 7 miles, Stoke 4 miles, Stoke Bliss 6½ miles, St. Michaels 1½ miles, Sutton 2½ miles, Weston 3 miles, Whitton 3½ miles,

Easton Court

  • Lorry Service:

Berrington Green 1 mile, Easton Court, Little Hereford ½ mile,

Woofferton

  • Lorry Service:

Ashford Carbonell 2½ miles, Brimfield ½ mile, Woofferton

See also

Notes

  1. Eardington village is ¾ from Eardington Station with no local cartage service.

References

  1. Atkins (2019) p.64.
  2. Atkins (2019) pp.67-69.
  3. Atkins (2019) pp 6-8.
  4. Atkins & Hyde (2000) p14.
  5. Atkins (2019) pp.79-80.
  6. Atkins & Hyde (2000) p16.
  7. Atkins & Hyde (2000) p22.
  8. Atkins (2019) p26.
  9. Atkins (2019) p.82.
  10. Advert from the Kington Times on the British Newspaper Archive