Difference between revisions of "GWR 7284 Composite"

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(Repairs June 2020)
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{{Infobox carriage
 
{{Infobox carriage
|image      = GWR E164 CK 7284 at Bridgnorth.jpg
+
|image      = GWR_7284_20150411.jpg
 
|caption    = GWR 7284 Composite
 
|caption    = GWR 7284 Composite
 
|construc  = GWR Swindon
 
|construc  = GWR Swindon
|status    = In service
+
|status    = In service (repairs)
 
|carno      = 7284
 
|carno      = 7284
|othernos  = 079156, 99236
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|othernos  = W7284W, 079156, 99236
 
|designed  = Collett
 
|designed  = Collett
 
|diagram    = E162
 
|diagram    = E162
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|years6    =  
 
|years6    =  
 
|events6    =  
 
|events6    =  
}}GWR Corridor Composite (CK) 7284 was built at Swindon in June 1941 as lot number 1639 to diagram E162. The term ‘composite’ refers to a carriage having more than one class of seating, in this case both first and third class compartments.  
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}}'''GWR Corridor Composite (CK) 7284''' is a late Collett-era design. The term ‘composite’ refers to a carriage having more than one class of seating, in this case four first compartments seating 24 and three third class compartments also seating 24. A toilet was provided at each end. The design changes from earlier Collett stock included a more restricted loading gauge compatible with the LNER and LMS (arising from a decision in late 1937), such vehicles being identified by a yellow disc on the body end (visible in the photograph). Other design features of this Lot included gangway adaptors for coupling to buckeye stock fitted as standard, better lighting in the vestibules and an external access door in the central first class compartment with another access door in the corridor opposite<ref>[[Bibliography#Other References|Harris (1966)]] p. 105.</ref><ref>[[Bibliography#Other References|Longworth (2018)]] p.99.</ref>.
  
After passenger service, 7284 was later numbered 079156 and 99236. The former number signified Departmental Coaching stock within the Western Region that did not normally move or had its movements confined to a particular depot or yard. The latter number signifying hauled non-passenger carrying use and related to 7284’s inclusion in the Swindon GWR test train which was used for load testing of diesel locomotives.
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==Service==
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7284 was built at Swindon in 1941 as one of twenty in Lot number 1639 to Diagram E162, the only carriages built to that Diagram. It continued in passenger service with BR(W) as number W7284W until April 1965. It was then re-allocated for use in the Swindon GWR test train used for load testing of diesel locomotives, for which it received the Internal User number 079156<ref>[[Bibliography#Other References|Longworth (2018)]] p.172.</ref>.  
  
The entire 9-coach test train was sold into preservation in 1969, with 7284 being bought for the SVR along with four Full Third (TK) carriages, arriving on 19 December.  It was first restored in 1971 when owned by Mr Peter Waite.  In the mid-1970s it was used as part of the [[The Severn Valley Railway on the main line#SVR Carriages used on the main line | GWR rake of carriages used on the main line]] as well as on the SVR itself. Now owned by [[Great Western (SVR) Assoc. | The Great Western (SVR) Association]], it is regularly used in [[Carriages#The carriage sets|set GW]] and is finished in GWR 1934-42 livery featuring the ‘shirt-button’ roundel.
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==Preservation==
 +
Mainly through the efforts of [[Great Western (SVR) Assoc.|Great Western Rolling Stock Fund]] member David Rouse, the entire 9-coach test train was sold into preservation in 1969. 7284 and four Full Third (TK) carriages ([[GWR 1086 Full Third|1086]], [[GWR 1087 Full Third|1087]], [[GWR 1116 Full Third|1116]] and [[GWR 1146 Full Third|1146]]) were purchased by various Groups and individuals for use the SVR, all arriving from Swindon on 19 December 1969. 7284 itself was privately purchased by Fund member Mr Peter Waite. Restoration was completed at Bewdley in mid-1971.<ref>SVR News 20</ref>
  
In June 2020 it was admitted to [[Kidderminster Carriage Shed]] for repairs<ref>[https://www.svrlive.com/bljun20 Branch Lines, June 2020] (Retrieved 11 July 2020)</ref>.
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In early 1976 plans were announced for the GWR to prepare a [[The Severn Valley Railway on the main line#SVR Carriages used on the main line | rake of 10 GWR carriages for use on the main line]] including 7284. After the [[Autumn Steam Gala|September Enthusiasts Weekend]] a crash programme of work was undertaken to prepare the coaches. An examination by a BR C&W Inspector produced a long list of items requiring attention to satisfy BR requirements for registration. These included removal and replacement of vacuum cylinders and direct admission valves which were sent to BREL Swindon for overhaul, and the ultrasonic testing of each axle. Other work included replacing brake blocks, repairing gangway connections, renewing dynamo belts and repainting. The work was completed on 7284 and the other carriages in time for the first rail tour on 13 November.<ref>SVR News 42</ref> 7284 was given the [[TOPS codes|TOPS number]] 99236 for use on the main line.
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 +
7284 was withdrawn for what was planned to be a quick interior smarten up and minor repairs to the roof tanks and toilets over the winter of 1982-83. Subsequently the entire roof needed to be removed after it collapsed in several places. The carriage eventually returned to traffic in mid-May after a rather more involved overhaul than originally planned.<ref>SVR News 66, 69</ref>
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 +
On 29 October 1991 HRH The Duke of Gloucester visited the SVR and rode on a ‘Royal Train’ consisting of [[7819|7819 Hinton Manor]] and three GWR coaches including 7284.<ref>SVR News 99</ref>.
 +
 
 +
In spring 1996 the four first class compartments were re-upholstered in original specification moquette fabric. The large armrests required an unusual repair technique, the armrest springs being replaced using lengths of Ford Escort leaf spring! The result was considered just as effective as the Swindon original.<ref>SVR News 118</ref> Another mechanical overhaul was carried out at Kidderminster in 1998.<ref>SVR News 133</ref>
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In December 2003 7284 entered Kidderminster carriage works for another overhaul. Over the years it had become one of the worst looking coaches in the GWR set, being difficult to withdraw frequently or for extended periods because it provided four of the six first class compartments available in the set. Items receiving attention on this occasion included the door locks, partial re-skinning of two doors, new droplights and attention to the windows. The roof vents were re-bedded, both lavatory roof tanks re-sealed and the compartment ceilings which had suffered water damage were re-secured and decorated. It returned to traffic on 3 March 2004.<ref>SVR News 147, 149</ref>
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 +
7284 is now owned by [[Great Western (SVR) Assoc. | The Great Western (SVR) Association]]. It is regularly used in [[Carriages#The carriage sets|set GW]] and is finished in GWR 1934-42 livery featuring the ‘shirt-button’ roundel. In mid-May 2020 it was admitted to [[Kidderminster Carriage Shed]] for repairs, once again including work on the roof tanks, door skins and windows<ref>[https://www.svrlive.com/bljun20 Branch Lines, June 2020] (Retrieved 11 July 2020)</ref>.
 +
 
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==Other class member==
 +
The other surviving example of the twenty, 7285, was [[Carriages formerly resident on the SVR|formerly resident on the SVR]]. It was one of the first four coaches on the Railway, arriving on 25 March 1967 with [[3205]]. It saw a period of use before leaving for Didcot in 1976, together with a number of others, at the behest of then owner D.R. Gwynne-Jones.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==References==
 
==References==
Railway Heritage Register Carriage Survey<br>
 
SVR Stock Book Ninth Edition<br>
 
Great Western (SVR) Association web site
 
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
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[[Category: Carriage Type CK]]
 
[[Category: Carriage Type CK]]
 
[[Category: Rolling stock owned by the Great Western (SVR) Association]]
 
[[Category: Rolling stock owned by the Great Western (SVR) Association]]
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[[Category:Featured articles]]

Latest revision as of 15:22, 13 July 2020

GWRGreat Western Railway 7284 CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard.
GWR 7284 20150411.jpg
GWRGreat Western Railway 7284 CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard.
Built By GWRGreat Western Railway Swindon
Status In service (repairs)
Number 7284
Other numbers W7284W, 079156, 99236
History
Built 1941
Designed By CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941
Diagram E162
Lot 1639
Type CK
Length 59ft 10in
Weight 31t 5cwt
Seats 24 first, 24 third
1969 Preserved on SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society

Carriages

GWRGreat Western Railway Corridor CompositeCarriage having more than one class of seating, ie First and Third or latterly First and Standard. (CK) 7284 is a late CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941-era design. The term ‘composite’ refers to a carriage having more than one class of seating, in this case four first compartments seating 24 and three third class compartments also seating 24. A toilet was provided at each end. The design changes from earlier CollettCharles Benjamin Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Great Western Railway 1922-1941 stock included a more restricted loading gauge compatible with the LNERLondon & North Eastern Railway and LMSLondon Midland & Scottish Railway (arising from a decision in late 1937), such vehicles being identified by a yellow disc on the body end (visible in the photograph). Other design features of this Lot included gangway adaptors for coupling to buckeye stock fitted as standard, better lighting in the vestibules and an external access door in the central first class compartment with another access door in the corridor opposite[1][2].

Service

7284 was built at Swindon in 1941 as one of twenty in Lot number 1639 to Diagram E162, the only carriages built to that Diagram. It continued in passenger service with BRBritish Rail or British Railways(W) as number W7284W until April 1965. It was then re-allocated for use in the Swindon GWRGreat Western Railway test train used for load testing of diesel locomotives, for which it received the Internal UserRolling stock used for the railway’s internal purposes (stores etc.) at one fixed location. number 079156[3].

Preservation

Mainly through the efforts of Great Western Rolling Stock Fund member David Rouse, the entire 9-coach test train was sold into preservation in 1969. 7284 and four Full Third (TK) carriages (1086, 1087, 1116 and 1146) were purchased by various Groups and individuals for use the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society, all arriving from Swindon on 19 December 1969. 7284 itself was privately purchased by Fund member Mr Peter Waite. Restoration was completed at Bewdley in mid-1971.[4]

In early 1976 plans were announced for the GWRGreat Western Railway to prepare a rake of 10 GWR carriages for use on the main line including 7284. After the September Enthusiasts Weekend a crash programme of work was undertaken to prepare the coaches. An examination by a BRBritish Rail or British Railways C&WCarriage & Wagon Inspector produced a long list of items requiring attention to satisfy BRBritish Rail or British Railways requirements for registration. These included removal and replacement of vacuum cylinders and direct admission valves which were sent to BREL Swindon for overhaul, and the ultrasonic testing of each axle. Other work included replacing brake blocks, repairing gangway connections, renewing dynamo belts and repainting. The work was completed on 7284 and the other carriages in time for the first rail tour on 13 November.[5] 7284 was given the TOPS number 99236 for use on the main line.

7284 was withdrawn for what was planned to be a quick interior smarten up and minor repairs to the roof tanks and toilets over the winter of 1982-83. Subsequently the entire roof needed to be removed after it collapsed in several places. The carriage eventually returned to traffic in mid-May after a rather more involved overhaul than originally planned.[6]

On 29 October 1991 HRH The Duke of Gloucester visited the SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society and rode on a ‘Royal Train’ consisting of 7819 Hinton Manor and three GWRGreat Western Railway coaches including 7284.[7].

In spring 1996 the four first class compartments were re-upholstered in original specification moquette fabric. The large armrests required an unusual repair technique, the armrest springs being replaced using lengths of Ford Escort leaf spring! The result was considered just as effective as the Swindon original.[8] Another mechanical overhaul was carried out at Kidderminster in 1998.[9]

In December 2003 7284 entered Kidderminster carriage works for another overhaul. Over the years it had become one of the worst looking coaches in the GWRGreat Western Railway set, being difficult to withdraw frequently or for extended periods because it provided four of the six first class compartments available in the set. Items receiving attention on this occasion included the door locks, partial re-skinning of two doors, new droplights and attention to the windows. The roof vents were re-bedded, both lavatory roof tanks re-sealed and the compartment ceilings which had suffered water damage were re-secured and decorated. It returned to traffic on 3 March 2004.[10]

7284 is now owned by The Great Western (SVR) Association. It is regularly used in set GW and is finished in GWRGreat Western Railway 1934-42 livery featuring the ‘shirt-button’ roundel. In mid-May 2020 it was admitted to Kidderminster Carriage Shed for repairs, once again including work on the roof tanks, door skins and windows[11].

Other class member

The other surviving example of the twenty, 7285, was formerly resident on the SVR. It was one of the first four coaches on the Railway, arriving on 25 March 1967 with 3205. It saw a period of use before leaving for Didcot in 1976, together with a number of others, at the behest of then owner D.R. Gwynne-Jones.

See also

References

  1. Harris (1966) p. 105.
  2. Longworth (2018) p.99.
  3. Longworth (2018) p.172.
  4. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 20
  5. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 42
  6. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 66, 69
  7. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 99
  8. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 118
  9. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 133
  10. SVRSevern Valley RailwaySVRA:Severn Valley Railway AssociationSVRS:Severn Valley Railway Society News 147, 149
  11. Branch Lines, June 2020 (Retrieved 11 July 2020)

Links